With PowerShell 3.0, one of the really great CmdLets that is available is Invoke-RestMethod. This handy little CmdLet allows us to now use the PowerShell scripting language to access HTTP resources using the native HTTP methods (GET, HEAD, POST, PUT, DELETE, TRACE, OPTIONS, OPTIONS, MERGE, PATCH).
If you’ve needed to do this in the past, you would usually use a command line tool like cURL to be able to interact with HTTP resources through batch processes and scripts. This works great of course, but now that we have the ability to use the core Invoke-RestMethod CmdLet, let’s quickly review how it works.
Let’s say that we need to consume some XML data and render it to a file on our Windows server. The way that we would have done this before with curl would be using the following command line:
curl.exe www.discoposse.com/index.php/feed > C:\Temp\DiscoPosseFeed.xml
Now that wasn’t a difficult thing to deal with, but the point of our exercise is to eliminate unnecessary third party tools and functions where there are native CmdLets available.
This is where our newly available Invoke-RestMethod comes in. By leveraging this CmdLet we no longer need to launch the cURL utility. Let’s try the new way of doing this.
Our new command we will use to begin is this:
Invoke-RestMethod -Uri www.discoposse.com/index.php/feed -Method Get
Simple enough to begin with. This uses the URI of my news feed and runs the GET method to retrieve it. The default method for the CmdLet is GET so you could choose to leave out the -Method Get parameter.
Now we launch the command and see that it writes the output to screen. As it should of course because we haven’t done anything to redirect the output to file yet.
So our next step we do is our usual way of using the pipeline to output to the file system to an XML file.
Invoke-RestMethod -Uri www.discoposse.com/index.php/feed -Method Get | Out-File C:\Temp\DiscoPosseFeed.xml
Now let’s take a look at the file itself to see what we have gotten from the process so far.
It seems that we don’t quite have what we want here doesn’t it? We want the file to be in XML format. After all, the content being read from the HTTP resource is XML output. If you look back at the CmdLet output to screen you will see that it looks the same as our file.
This is our eureka moment! We have somehow rendered the XML into more human readable output. This is a cute little trick, but not what we were after. This is a new “feature” of the Invoke-RestMethod CmdLet that it renders XML output as a list.
The fix for this situation is simple. Rather than using the traditional method of the pipeline to an Out-File CmdLet, we just have to add the -OutFile parameter to the command and this takes care of the output to the file system for us.
Invoke-RestMethod -Uri www.discoposse.com/index.php/feed -Method Get -OutFile C:\Temp\DiscoPosseFeed.xml
Now we open the output file and we will see that it is in the exact format that we would expect an XML stream to be. Much better!
So to review what we have done here, we have used the Invoke-RestMethod CmdLet to perform the Get HTTP method against an available URI and rendered the output to a file. In this case it was an XML file that we have created.
The only downside to this is that it is not yet available because it is only a part of the PowerShell 3.0 environment. Never fear, we aren’t far away from having this in general availability. Then we can leverage this and many of the othe exciting features of PowerShell 3.0 and all it has to offer.